【《We Chinese in AmericaMedia Editor Tang Zhao, September 27, 2022As most of the nine University of California undergraduate campuses start the fall quarter, the state’s college housing shortage has thrown thousands of students into crisis. About 9,400 students systemwide were denied university housing this fall because of shortages — and some campuses are back to squeezing three students into a dorm room as a stopgap measure.(Photo credit : KCRW)

The pandemic and the desire to maintain physical distancing has prompted some landlords and renters to limit the density in shared houses and apartments. The result is fewer rooms available for students, and campus dorms can’t always handle the extra demand.

UC Berkeley has long struggled with housing issues. The campus, which started classes more than a month ago, did not provide figures for how many students are still seeking housing. But before classes began, as many as 5,000 students who had applied for housing could not be accommodated, according to a spokesperson.

Late last month, an Alameda County judge ordered the university to freeze student enrollments over its impact on local neighborhoods, with housing availability being a prime issue. Meanwhile, a plan to lease 200 dorm rooms at Mills College has fallen through.

The university is trying to address the shortage by unveiling a 12-story student housing project at People’s Park that could accommodate about 1,100 students.

The housing crunch left many students at other UC campuses using quarter system for an academic year searching for permanent housing with 10 days before fall classes began. For example, as of earlier this month, more than 900 students were on the UC Santa Barbara on-campus housing waiting list.

Thousands of students at UC San Diego have struggled to find housing, according to the San Diego Union-Tribune, which reported that the shortage at that campus was triggered at least in part by on-campus housing not being at full capacity. UC San Diego is limiting dorm room occupancy to two students. In the past, some rooms have housed three students.

UC leaders say that providing affordable student housing is one of the system’s most urgent needs. UC campuses are located on some of the most expensive real estate in the nation, yet the university educates more low-income students than its public and private peers.

(Source: Los Angeles Times)

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【《We Chinese in AmericaMedia Editor Tang Zhao, September 26, 2022Edward Snowden, 39, fled the United States and was given asylum in Russia after leaking secret files in 2013 that revealed vast domestic and international surveillance operations carried out by the NSA, where he worked. (Photo credit: Reuters)

Today, President Vladimir Putin granted Russian citizenship to former U.S. intelligence contractor Snowden, nine years after he exposed the scale of secret surveillance operations by the National Security Agency (NSA).

The news prompted some Russians to jokingly ask whether Snowden would be called up for military service, five days after Putin announced Russia's first public mobilization since World War Two to shore up its faltering invasion of Ukraine.

There was no immediate reaction from Snowden, whose name appeared without Kremlin comment in a Putin decree conferring citizenship on a list of 72 foreign-born people.

Snowden's lawyer, Anatoly Kucherena, told RIA news agency that his client could not be called up because he had not previously served in the Russian army.

He said that Snowden's wife Lindsay Mills, who gave birth to a son in 2020, would also apply for citizenship.

Putin, a former Russian spy chief, said in 2017 that Snowden, who keeps a low profile while living in Russia, was wrong to leak U.S. secrets but was not a traitor.

(Source: Reuters)

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【《We Chinese in America》Media Editor Tang Zhao, September 24, 2022】People often ask whether members of the Royal Family have a surname, and, if so, what it is. Members of the Royal Family can be known both by the name of the Royal house, and by a surname, which are not always the same. And often they do not use a surname at all.

Before 1917, members of the British Royal Family had no surname, but only the name of the house or dynasty to which they belonged.

Kings and princes were historically known by the names of the countries over which they and their families ruled. Kings and queens therefore signed themselves by their first names only, a tradition in the United Kingdom which has continued to the present day.

The names of dynasties tended to change when the line of succession was taken by a rival faction within the family (for example, Henry IV and the Lancastrians, Edward IV and the Yorkists, Henry VII and the Tudors), or when succession passed to a different family branch through females (for example, Henry II and the Angevins, James I and the Stuarts, George I and the Hanoverians).

Just as children can take their surnames from their father, so sovereigns normally take the name of their 'House' from their father. For this reason, Queen Victoria's eldest son Edward VII belonged to the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (the family name of his father Prince Albert). Edward VII's son George V became the second king of that dynasty when he succeeded to the throne in 1910.

In 1917, there was a radical change, when George V specifically adopted Windsor, not only as the name of the 'House' or dynasty, but also as the surname of his family. The family name was changed as a result of anti-German feeling during the First World War, and the name Windsor was adopted after the Castle of the same name.

At a meeting of the Privy Council on 17 July 1917, George V declared that 'all descendants in the male line of Queen Victoria, who are subjects of these realms, other than female descendants who marry or who have married, shall bear the name of Windsor'. 

The Royal Family name of Windsor was confirmed by The former Queen Elizabeth II after her accession in 1952. However, in 1960, The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh decided that they would like their own direct descendants to be distinguished from the rest of the Royal Family (without changing the name of the Royal House), as Windsor is the surname used by all the male and unmarried female descendants of George V.

It was therefore declared in the Privy Council that The Queen's descendants, other than those with the style of Royal Highness and the title of Prince/Princess, or female descendants who marry, would carry the name of Mountbatten-Windsor.

The effect of the declaration was that all The Queen's children, on occasions when they needed a surname, would have the surname Mountbatten-Windsor.

For the most part, members of the Royal Family who are entitled to the style and dignity of HRH Prince or Princess do not need a surname, but if at any time any of them do need a surname (such as upon marriage), that surname is Mountbatten-Windsor.

The surname Mountbatten-Windsor first appeared on an official document on 14 November 1973, in the marriage register at Westminster Abbey for the marriage of Princess Anne and Captain Mark Phillips.

A proclamation on the Royal Family name by the reigning monarch is not statutory; unlike an Act of Parliament, it does not pass into the law of the land. Such a proclamation is not binding on succeeding reigning sovereigns, nor does it set a precedent which must be followed by reigning sovereigns who come after.

(Source: https://www.royal.uk)

 

【《We Chinese in America》Media Editor Tang Zhao, September 25, 2022Many kings have had mistresses – not a few bequeathed illegitimate children, too – but very few have married and so made them queen. (Photo credit : https://www.britannica.com/)

King Charles III’s wife, Camilla, will therefore be treading new and potentially sensitive ground as his Queen Consort, as she is well aware. But social attitudes have changed sharply in the 25 years or so since she emerged from behind the shadow of Diana, Princess of Wales, as what the latter described as the third person in her marriage during her 1995 Panorama interview.

Had royal attitudes evolved earlier 50 years ago, when Charles first courted her, and accepted the possibility of the heir to the throne marrying a commoner instead of a princess or a member of the aristocracy – as his son William was eventually able to do – then things might have been a lot less troubled for the royal family.

Not that Camilla Rosemary Shand, as she was born, is particularly common. Her mother, Rosalind, was the daughter of the 3rd Baron Ashcombe and her father, Bruce, was a former major who had become an upmarket wine merchant after leaving the army. One of her maternal great-grandparents was Alice Keppel, Edward VII’s mistress.

Camilla and her younger brother and sister grew up in East Sussex and central London, the children of privilege and affluence. In the words of the royal biographer Gyles Brandreth: “The Shands without question belonged to the upper class, had position … they opened their garden for the local Conservative Party Association summer fete. Enough said.”

She had a private education – one O-level, no university – and went to a Swiss finishing school, rounding off with a French course in Paris. She was fun and had fun. She was fired from one job for coming in late after a party, working for the fashionable decorating firm of Sibyl, Colefax and Fowler in Mayfair as a receptionist.

A debutante in 1965, she became one of the group of affluent young women moving in similar social circles to Charles, who was 18 months her junior. They shared common interests and he was apparently smitten. They had a covert relationship, occasionally snapped by the press during furtive trysts at polo matches.

But somehow Charles hesitated. He went off on naval service. Was she not royal enough? Was he not entirely sure? Was it all becoming too public? “They were ideally suited, we know that now, but it wasn’t possible,” said Charles’s cousin Patricia Knatchbull.

Charles and Camilla had got back together as lovers in 1980, the year before his wedding to Diana, resumed again in the mid-80s and in 1992 their affair became public with the publication of the so-called Camillagate tapes, secretly recorded intimate conversations between them in which Charles famously wished he could be her tampon. The prince refused to end the relationship and in the mid-90s he and Diana and the Parker-Bowleses both divorced.

A slow and coordinated public relations exercise by Camilla and the prince followed, orchestrated by Charles’s advisers to make the relationship appear appropriate and improve her public image. They were seen together, meeting at events and gradually Camilla began to accompany Charles. She was introduced to the Queen in 2000 and seen publicly in the company of the monarch during her golden jubilee celebrations in 2002.

A cautious assessment of public attitudes was commissioned. Would the public accept her after what had happened to Diana? Public attitudes were changing. Divorce and even adultery were no longer necessarily public taboos and in 2005, when preparations were made for the couple to marry, the only objections came from the conservative evangelical fringes. The Church of England was not prepared to marry the couple outright, but the then archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams, agreed to conduct a blessing after a registry office wedding in Windsor.

The marriage appears to have been a success. It has made Charles visibly less tense and grumpy and more smiley at public events, and Camilla has come to be regarded as a good sort, friendly and approachable. Now at last she is going to be what Charles always hoped and planned for, his Queen Consort.

(Source: NBC)

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【《We Chinese in America》Media Editor Tang Zhao, September 23, 2022Although recent rains helped tame some of the state’s most active blazes — including the Mosquito fire in El Dorado and Placer counties and the  Fairveiw fire in Riverside — it’s too soon to declare fire season over, experts say. In California, occasional bouts of heavy precipitation are proving outmatched by rising temperatures and worsening drought, which can leave vegetation nearly as brittle and fire-prone as it was before the rain.

What’s more, fall is often accompanied by gusty Santa Ana winds that help to fan wildfires. With experts now predicting a rare, third consecutive year of dry La Niña conditions, the combination of winds and desiccated fuel could prove perilous.

“We still have to be really vigilant,” said Alex Hall, director of the Center for Climate Science at UCLA. “The heart of the fire season — especially for Southern California and the central part of California — is coming up.”

Moreover, Fire officials are also keeping an eye on La Niña, a climate pattern in the tropical Pacific that is often associated with dry conditions in Southern California. There is a 91% chance that La Nina will stick around through at least November, according to the National Weather Service’s Climate Prediction Center.

However, La Niña sometimes splits California in two — bringing rains to the northern part of the state and dryness to the south, forecasters said. But UCLA’s Hall noted that there have been “plenty of wet years that are also La Niña years” in Southern California, so there are a range of possible outcomes.

Though the arrival of rains typically “shuts off” fire season in California, that hasn’t been the case in many places this year. As a result, fire risk remains high, especially with the looming threat of the Santa Anas in Southern California.

“There’s this moment when we have these really high winds blowing over this desiccated landscape that experienced a whole summertime of no precipitation,” Hall said. “That’s the recipe for extreme fire risk, and we’re entering that season right now.”

(Source: L. A. Times)

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圣地亚哥9月13日 - 9月15日每日新增病例:
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